What is a Sentence?
A sentence is a group of words that gives a complete thought and makes sense. Sentences must have a verb; however, most sentences have a subject and a verb.
There are three main categories of sentences:
- Simple Sentences
- Compound Sentences
- Complex Sentences
- Compound-Complex Sentences
A Simple Sentence:
A simple sentence is a sentence that does not contain a dependent clause. That means that the sentence can stand on its own. For example:
Mary is a girl.
A Compound Sentence
A compound sentence is a sentence that contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction. For example:
Mary is a girl, and she likes to dance.
|Independent clause||comma||conjunction||Independent clause|
|Mary is a girl||,||and||she likes to dance|
A compound-complex sentence is a sentence that consists of both an independent clause and a dependent clause. Complex sentences usually have subordinating conjunctions. For example, sentences that begin with subordinating conjunctions will have a comma at the end of the dependent clause.
While Mary was doing the dishes, the phone rang.
|Dependent clause||comma||Independent clause|
|While Mary was doing the dishes||,||the phone rang|
A Compound-Complex Sentence:
A compound-complex sentence is a sentence that consists of both a compound sentence and a complex sentence. For example:
As I drank my coffee, Tom ate his sandwich, and Mary walked her dog.
|Dependent clause||Comma||Independent clause||Comma||Coordinating Conjunction||Independent Clause|
|As I drank my coffee||,||Tom ate his sandwich||,||and||Mary walked her dog|
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