Georgia Standards 5th Grade Science
Below are the core standards 5th graders are expected to master by the end of the year in preparation of the Georgia Milestones Assessments.
S5E1. Students will identify surface features of the Earth caused by constructive and destructive processes.
a. Identify surface features caused by constructive processes.
Deposition (Deltas, sand dunes, etc.)
b. Identify and find examples of surface features caused by destructive processes.
Erosion (water—rivers and oceans, wind)
Impact of organisms
c. Relate the role of technology and human intervention in the control of constructive and destructive processes. Examples include, but are not limited to
Flood control, (dams, levees, storm drain management, etc.)
Beach reclamation (Georgia coastal islands)
S5P1. Students will verify that an object is the sum of its parts.
a. Demonstrate that the mass of an object is equal to the sum of its parts by manipulating and measuring different objects made of various parts.
b. Investigate how common items have parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.
S5P2. Students will explain the difference between a physical change and a chemical change.
a. Investigate physical changes by separating mixtures and manipulating (cutting, tearing, folding) paper to demonstrate examples of physical change.
b. Recognize that the changes in state of water (water vapor/steam, liquid, ice) are due to temperature differences and are examples of physical change.
c. Investigate the properties of a substance before, during, and after a chemical reaction to find evidence of change.
S5P3. Students will investigate the electricity, magnetism, and their relationship.
a. Investigate static electricity.
b. Determine the necessary components for completing an electric circuit.
c. Investigate common materials to determine if they are insulators or conductors of electricity.
d. Compare a bar magnet to an electromagnet.
S5L1. Students will classify organisms into groups and relate how they determined the groups with how and why scientists use classification.
a. Demonstrate how animals are sorted into groups (vertebrate and invertebrate) and how vertebrates are sorted into groups (fish, amphibian, reptile, bird, and mammal).
b. Demonstrate how plants are sorted into groups.
S5L2. Students will recognize that offspring can resemble parents in inherited traits and learned behaviors.
a. Compare and contrast the characteristics of learned behaviors and of inherited traits.
b. Discuss what a gene is and the role genes play in the transfer of traits.
Teacher note: Be sensitive to this topic since biological parents may be unavailable.
S5L3. Students will diagram and label parts of various cells (plant, animal, single-celled, multi-celled).
a. Use magnifiers such as microscopes or hand lenses to observe cells and their structure.
b. Identify parts of a plant cell (membrane, wall, cytoplasm, nucleus, chloroplasts) and of an animal cell (membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus) and determine the function of the parts.
c. Explain how cells in multi-celled organisms are similar and different in structure and function to single-celled organisms.
S5L4. Students will relate how microorganisms benefit or harm larger organisms.
a. Identify beneficial microorganisms and explain why they are beneficial.
b. Identify harmful microorganisms and explain why they are harmful.