Students will be able to identify and define the two forces that make an object move (push and pull).
Students will understand how motion energy can be transferred from one object to another.
Students will learn how motion energy can be detected and how it can be changed.
- Reading comprehension passage and quiz on “Force and Motion”
- Whiteboard or chalkboard and writing materials (buy)
- Toy car, wagon, door, and other objects for demonstration (buy)
- Ramp and smooth and bumpy surfaces for toy car demonstration (buy)
- Baseball bat and ball or domino set for demonstration (buy)
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Begin by asking students if they have ever seen an object move. Discuss different examples of motion, such as a toy car moving, a sailboat sailing, or a
- Ask students if they know what makes objects move. Introduce the concept of forces and explain that two forces that make an object move are push and pull.
Reading comprehension (15 minutes)
- Distribute the reading comprehension passage on “Force and Motion” and give students 10-15 minutes to read and answer the questions independently.
- After students have completed the quiz, go over the answers as a class, allowing students to share their responses and discuss any discrepancies.
Demonstration (20 minutes)
- Use the toy car, wagon, and door to demonstrate how objects can be set in motion by pushing and pulling.
- Set up a ramp and use the toy car to demonstrate how motion can be changed and how friction affects the speed of an object. Show the difference between
driving the car on a smooth surface and a bumpy one.
- Use the baseball bat and ball or domino set to demonstrate how motion energy can be transferred from one object to another.
Application (10 minutes)
- Have students work in pairs to identify examples of push and pull in their everyday lives.
- As a class, discuss how motion energy can be detected and how it can be changed in different situations.
Assessment (5 minutes)
To assess understanding, ask students to explain in their own words how motion energy can be transferred from one object to another.
Conclusion (5 minutes)
Wrap up the lesson by reviewing key concepts, such as push and pull, motion energy, and the transfer of motion energy. Encourage students to continue thinking about these concepts in their everyday lives.
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